As a hockey player, you always have to behave in a sportsmanlike behaviour. Players are not allowed to throw objects on the field or at a person and may not insult anyone. You may also not stretch your time during the game because your team is ahead in game. Below is a brief list of what is considered an offence within hockey.

Hockey punishments
There are also some rules for the stroke used in the game.

  • A free hit: Given in case of fouls in the area between the 23-metre lines. In the event of a foul by the attacker in the 23-metre range of the opposing team. This is also the case when the ball is intentionally hit in the air. In hockey it is allowed to use a selfpass. In this case you may walk with the ball yourself and the opponent may only approach after you have started your action. This is allowed for strikes, results and free shots.
  • A penalty ball: The penalty ball is taken on the dot and the shooter has only one chance. The game is then also stopped and the ball is then taken out by the other party. Offences that can lead to a penalty ball include the intentional or unintentional offence of a defender against an opponent within the circle, this can be to prevent possession of the ball or to prevent a goal.
  • Penalty Corners: Penalty Corners are played behind the penalty corner line line. To make a goal, the ball must first be taken out of the circle. A penalty corner is given when a defender intentionally fouls within his 23-metre area but is outside the circle or plays the ball over his own dead ball line. Or in the case of an unintentional error in the circle that did not result in a goal. The ball must be taken out of the circle before a goal may be scored. The first shot, when hit, must not end higher than the board in the goal. However, a push may be aimed high. To keep safety in the game there are now special “kneepads” of Hockeygear to order so that your knees always remain protected!
  • Shoot-out: In case of a draw in a knockout phase or the final in a competition, a shout-out can be used. Both teams take five turns to win from the opponent in a one-on-one game between a player and the goalkeeper of the opponent. They must try to score within eight seconds and start behind the 23-metre line.


A penalty is only imposed if a team suffers from an offence. These penalties can be given to players but also to team supervisors. The referee can verbally warn a player or hand out a card. There are three types of cards within hockey:

  • Green card: The player must temporarily leave the field ( 2 minutes )




  • Yellow card: The player must leave the field a little longer ( 5 or 10 minutes )                                                                                                  
    In the case of a yellow card, a player is expelled from the field for at least 5 minutes. He or she can then be exchanged by another player. Two yellow cards to the same player means the same as a red card.



  • Red card: definitief van het veld                                                                                                                                                                           
    In the event of a very serious foul, the referee may send a player off the field for the remainder of the match. This is made clear by showing a red card. Two yellow cards to the same player means the same as a red card.

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